Caibidil a hAon Déag:

the numbers (na hUimhreacha): explanations

cardinal numbers without a noun
cardinal numbers with a noun
numbers of person
ordinal numbers

cardinal numbers without nouns (maoluimhreacha):

cardinal numbers with nouns (uimhreacha néamhphearsanta):

numbers of person (uimhreacha pearsanta):

ordinal numbers (orduimhreacha):

*: The dual stood earlier in Indoeuropean languages next to the singular and the plural
The remnants in Irish (as a composite of singular/plural) are:

  1. the singular article (an) preceding two  e.g.: an dá bhád = the two boats (instead of the otherwise necessary plural article na preceding 3-10: na trí bhád = the three boats)
  2. if it exists, a noun after two is in the dual form (= dative singular form) e.g. dhá bhróig =two shoes
  3. otherwise, the nominative singular form of the noun always comes after two e.g.: dhá bhád = two boats (after 3-10 also the plural is possible)
  4. following adjectives are then still in the plural e.g. an dá bhád mhóra = the two big boats (like with 3-10)

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na hUimhreacha
numbers from 1-29, 30-99, 100-1 Mio
Gramadach na Gaeilge
© Lars Braesicke 2000 / 2003

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