Caibidil a Cúig: Präpositionen
um = about/around
um is mostly still in use in Munster, but also in the standard. In northern dialects, in part, other prepositions are taken in its place.
Through the development from um > má > fá and the equation with faoi, one will mostly use faoi (Ulster fá) in the sense of "about" (labhairt fúm = speaking about me )
um requires the dative or accusative
without an article: lenition (only c, d, f, g, s, t, not b, m, p) e.g. um banríon = about a queen
with the article: eclipsis e.g.: um an mbaile = around a town
- only in Munster, d,t also eclipses
- in Connacht, the t-prefix precedes femin. nouns with s-: um an tsúil = around the eye
- in Ulster, always lenition: um an fhear = about the man
(whereby um is mostly used in Munster)
- cé / cad uime + indirect relative clause.? = about what, about whom?
Combined with the personal pronoun:
||about him, because
- around: dìaigh siad um an rí = they gathered together around the king
- be around one another, accompany: a bhéirt mhac uime=
his two sons, who accompany him (who are around him)
- along: um Shionainn = along the Shannon
- temporal around, on : um Nollaig = on Christmas, um thránona = in the afternoon, um an am sin = around this time
- cuir um = put on, get dressed("to wrap oneself in"): Chuir sí an cóta uimpi = She put her coat on
- against: um an gcoirthe = against the stone
- is uime = because of , because ; fáth um + indir.
relative clause= the cause why (mostly though without um)
Cén fáth (um) a bhfuil tú anseo? = Why are you here?
- fight over, ag fonóid um = laugh about,
grá um = love for
- for, over, etc. in official titles for civil offices, laws .: An tÚdarás um Ard-Oideachas = Higher Education Authority (HEA), An Institiúid Éireannach um Chosaint Raideolaíoch = Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland (RPII), An tAcht um Chosaint Sonraí = Data Protection Law
(Dinneen classifies this use as wrong in his dictionary, but it is common and "official")
- not to be used in the meaning in order to with the verbal noun, instead use le, chun
Gramadach na Gaeilge